The goal of the Nano-Bio Phenomena and Processes in the Environment (NPPE) program is to support research to further fundamental and quantitative understanding of the interactions of biological and ecological media with nanostructured materials and nanosystems, which include one- to three-dimensional nanostructured materials and heterogeneous nano-bio hybrid assemblies. Such nanostructured materials and systems frequently exhibit novel physical, chemical and biological behavior in living systems and ecological matrices as compared to the bulk scale. This program supports research that explores the interaction of nanoscale materials and systems with both macro and nano-scale systems in biological and environmental media, as well as remediation solutions.
Proposals submitted to NPPE should address one or more of the following research areas:
Characterization and exploration of interactions at the interfaces between nanostructure materials and nanosystems with surrounding biological and ecological media, including complex and heterogeneous composites;
Development of predictive tools that are based on fundamental behavior of nanostructures within biological and ecological matrices to advance cost-effective and environmentally benign processing and engineering solutions over full life cycles;
Examining the transport, interaction, and impact of nanostructured materials and nanosystems on biological systems;
Complex simulations of molecular systems at interfaces, with these simulations done in conjunction with experimental comparisons, and new theories and complex simulation approaches for determining the transport and transformation of nanoparticles in various media.
The design of optimal chemical, electronic, photonic, biological, and mechanical properties of nanostructured materials and heterogeneous nanosystems for their safe handling, management, and utilization will require elucidation of these topics. It is expected that the research will support safe manufacturing, handling and utilization of nanostructures, development of measurement tools and predictive simulation approaches, improved assessment of transport and transformations of environmental nanomaterials (ENMs) in various environmental media and over full life cycles in various media, and development of principles for establishing robust risk assessment and management for nanostructured materials and nanosystems.
Innovative proposals outside of these specific interest areas may be considered. However, prior to submission, it is recommended that the PI contact the Program Director to avoid the possibility of the proposal being returned without review.
NOTE: For NPPE proposals involving aspects of sustainable chemistry, consider making proposal submissions to this program (1179) with the Proposal Title as: ‘SusChEM: Title of Your Proposal'. For more information on SusChEM-related proposals please click here. The same applies for proposals involving sustainable engineering.
The duration of unsolicited awards is generally one to three years. The typical award size for the program is $100,000 per year. Proposals requesting a substantially higher amount than this, without prior consultation with the Program Director, may be returned without review.
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