The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), manages a robust research portfolio in the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) program in which are developed low-cost, highly efficient SOFC power generation systems that produce electric power from natural gas or coal with intrinsic carbon capture capabilities. Efforts within the Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program are coordinated under collaboration between DOE/NETL, private industry, academic institutions, and national laboratories.
SOFC power systems have the potential to achieve greater than 60 percent efficiency (HHV) and more than 97 percent carbon capture at a cost-of-electricity that is projected to be approximately 40 percent below that presently available through integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) systems with carbon capture. DOE’s SOFC Program is developing SOFC technology suitable for natural gas fueled distributed generation (DG) applications and natural gas fuel cell (NGFC) or IGFC central stations. SOFC projects falling under the Core Technology area focus their efforts on laboratory scale research and development (R&D) to support SOFC system manufacturers.
The objective is to solicit and competitively award applied research projects that support the improvement of the reliability, robustness, and endurance of SOFC cell and stack technology. This objective will support the development of commercially viable SOFC technology for entry into service products. These products will eventually lead to SOFC technology that is viable for large scale central generation applications (i.e. technology that meets the SOFC program cost targets). Fuel cell technology, other than SOFC will be considered non-responsive to this FOA.
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